A CENTURY OF PROGRESS — CHICAGO WORLD'S FAIR — 1933-1934

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CENTURY OF PROGRESS

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American Colortype 1933 Century of Progress Postcard Series

101 Adler Planetarium

"In the Hall of Science, you will have seen the fundamentals of mathematics and physics that properly lead into the science of astronomy. Now you may cross over the Science Bridge, if you wish to finish the story of the basic sciences all at once, turn to your left, and go to the northern end of Northerly island where stands the Adler Planetarium and Astronomical Museum. This rainbow -granite building with its mushroom dome is world famous, for within it is an intricate mechanism called the Zeiss projector…With this instrument is staged a spectacular drama of the heavens."

102 Buckingham Fountain at Grant Park

Buckingham Fountain in Grant Park adjoining A Century of Progress on the north is a sculptural masterpiece enhanced by its water effects. It is gorgeously illuminated at night with colored lights as it throws a stream 70 ft. high.

103 Shedd Aquarium

The John G. Shedd Aquarium is located in Grant Park adjoining A Century of Progress. Hundreds of thousands of visitors have already marveled at the specimens of rare fresh and salt water fish gathered from all parts of the world.

104 Museum of Science and Industry

Museum of Science and Industry, in Jackson Park, near the Exposition Grounds, the remodeled Fine Arts Building of Chicago's 1896 World's Fair, houses many interesting exhibits depicting the relationship between Science and Industry.

105 U. S. Government and States Group

"The Federal Building stands on Northerly island. Above its gold dome three pylons, fluted towers 150 feet high, typify the three branches of United States Government--legislative, executive and judicial. At its back, and in V-shape seeming to embrace it, is the States Building, with its Court of States, thus typifying the increased feeling of loyalty of the citizens to the Union."

106 Replica of Fort Dearborn

"This is Old Fort Dearborn, faithfully reproduced in every detail, constructed even as toiling men built the first Fort Dearborn in 1803. As you enter the massive log gate leading into the stockaded inclosure you see a quadrangular parade ground. Double rows of log palisades, ten feet and five feet in height, are so arranged as to permit the fort's blockhouses to command the terrain outside, and the inner space between the palisades. Here are the soldiers' quarters and those of the officers. On the east side are the commanding officer's quarters, next to them the supplies building, then the powder magazine."

107 Field Museum of Natural History

The Field Museum of Natural History, at the Twelfth Street entrance to a Century of Progress, Chicago's 1933 World's Fair is famous for its vast collections of marvelous exhibits from every corner of the world.

 

108 Court of Electrical Group

This striking three-quarter circular structure, the Electrical Building surrounds a court and rises from a series of paved and colored terraces with hanging gardens, ornamental pylons and impressionistic bas relief decorations.

"A group of pylons rises, with a giant bas-relief panel on either side, forty feet high, on which figures are sculptured in such mammoth size as to suggest the enormous forces they symbolize. One represents Atomic Energy.… The other panel symbolizes Stellar Energy."

109 General Exhibits Group

There are five great pavilions which form the General Exhibits Group of a Century of Progress wherein more than 100 commercial and industrial organizations show the wonders of our modern industrial world.

"In its five pavilions… appear as wide a variety of products as could be imagined. Many are shown in the making, all displayed in unusual ways, ranging from coal to fine gowns."

110 Administration Building

Main facade of the Administration Building of Chicago's 1933 Century of Progress Exposition. The building is 350 by 150 feet, of modernistic design and located between the lake shore and the outer drive at Fourteenth Street.

"The Administration building, headquarters of the Exposition, can be said to strike the keynote of the entire architectural plan. Ultramodern in design, it was here that far-reaching experiments were made in unusual lighting and color effects, and in choice of construction plans and materials."

111 Hall of Science—North Entrance

"Two floors are used for exhibiting the basic sciences which, for convenience of operation are grouped under the following seven heads: mathematics, astronomy, physics, chemistry, biology, geology and medicine. The ground floor, which is on the same level with the surrounding park, is devoted to medicine and industrial applications of science. The main floor… is given over entirely to the basic sciences with the exception of medicine and astronomy."

112 Transport Building

Travel and Transport Building with its dome larger than the dome of St. Peter's or the Washington capitol strikes a new note in architecture. It is the first architectural application on any significant scale of the principle of the suspension bridge.

113 Sky Ride

"Two towers stand 1,850 apart--support of the spectacular Skyride, great thrill feature of A Century of Progress. They are higher than any building in Chicago. Six hundred and twenty-eight feet they rise into the skies, with observation floors atop them. On a 200-foot level the rocket cars offer you a beautiful and thrilling ride across the lagoon, suspended from a cableway."

114 Carillon Tower—Hall of Science

"Here are hosed the exhibits which illustrate the things that men are now thinking about in the various branches of learning known as the pure sciences."



115 Agricultural Building

"Today agriculture is a trinity--an art, a science, and an industry. Throughout this group you see the story of foods, their production, and preservation, and their distribution told by dioramas, moving models, and actual processes."

116 Travel Building

The colorful unusual Travel Building, a masterpiece of modernistic architectural designing, houses examples of every form of land conveyance since time began. Its huge dome is suspended from gigantic "Sky Hooks."

"For the first time in architectural history a dome has been constructed on the principle of a suspension bridge. The dome of the Travel and Transport building is suspended 125 feet above the ground by cables attached to twelve steel towers. The reason for the daring use of this suspension principle was the necessity for a clear, unobstructed space for exhibits. "

117 Lincoln Group

"By Old Fort Dearborn stands another stockade of logs, in which are five buildings, each marks an epoch in the upward struggle of Abraham Lincoln. Here is the tiny, one-room cabin near Hodgenville, Ky., where he was born. Then the second larger home on Pigeon Creek in Indiana. Then the little general store in Salem, Ill. and the Rutledge tavern, where he wooed Ann Rutledge, only to suffer greatly when she died of pneumonia. Lastly, the Wigwam, where Lincoln emerged as a candidate for the Presidency."

118 Lama Temple

"The Golden Pavilion is 70 feet square and 60 feet high, rising from a 4-foot pedestal. Its double decked roof of copper shingles is covered with $25,000 worth of 23-larat gold leaf. … Inside, twelve 37-foot columns support the gilded ceiling and the upper deck. Carved grills, in red, blue, yellow and gold enclose the glass window panes. The cornice beams are gilded and carved with images of dragons, cats, and dogs. Hundreds of pieces of carved wood form the ceiling."

 

119 Panorama of a Century of Progress

A bird's-eye view of the north half of a Century of Progress — the Chicago World's Fair. The towers of the Sky Ride dominate the scene. They, with their connecting cableway, provide one of the supreme thrills of the Fair.

120 Aerial View Looking Southeast

Aerial view looking southeast beyond one of the 628 foot towers of the Sky Ride — the supreme thrill ride of A Century of Progress — the Chicago 1933 World's Fair. Just a glimpse of a few of the many colorful buildings.

121 Aerial View Main Exhibit Buildings

A more distant aerial view from another angle.

122 Illinois State Host Building

"On the Avenue of Flags the silver and gold Illinois Host building offers its welcome to all the world. Its 70-foot tower surmounts a structure arranged for the specific purpose of hospitality."

123 Midway Plaisance

"The Midway--City of a Million Lights--revives memories of the Fair of '93. Visit it by day, and you may think of brilliant bands of color connecting two great sections of the Fair; at night, you might think of a gorgeous scintillating trinket. Ride the breath-taking roller coaster. Play the games. Visit the place where daring youths dive into tanks and wrestle with alligators. Enter here where beauties of the Orient dance to strange tunes. See the "apotheosis of America's womanly pulchritude," the "living wonders," and other "freaks" from the four corners of the earth."

124 Transportation Row—General Motors, Chrysler, Nash

The General Motors, Nash and Chrysler exhibit buildings at a Century of Progress. Here visitors may see the finished products of these great concerns and, in addition, may watch the actual manufacture of automobiles.

"South of the Travel and Transport building, is an outdoor area for exhibits. A glass tower of the Nash Motors is a spectacular feature of the outdoor exhibit. The part that automotive engineering has played in our civilization is graphically represented in the General Motors building. The central feature of the building is a complete automobile assembly plant. Just north of the Travel and Transport building is the Chrysler building."

125 Electrical Group

A water view of the Electrical Group at A Century of Progress, Chicago. Within these flaming walls the marvels of this electrical age are presented in fascinating exhibits that dramatize progress since Pascal, Morse, Edison and Marconi.

 

126 Enchanted Island

"Five acres of land is set aside for children--and for grownups, too, who still can feel the thrill of make believe. The Enchanted Island lies between the lagoon and the lake, and from it rises a towering mountain. About it are giants, and through the area move guards and other employees as out of Fairyland, dressed appropriately for their parts. The youngsters can slide down the mountain side, and there's a fairy castle, a mechanical zoo, a miniature railroad, a marionette show, a theater. There are trained attendants who will amuse the children while their parents go away to other parts of the Fair. "

127 Fountain and Court of Electrical Group

This electrical fountain in the court of the Electrical Building with the cascades of light on the east wall in the background, is another of the fascinating features of A Century of Progress, Chicago's 1933 World's Fair.

"In the court a fountain sends up iridescent jets of illuminated water in a series of multi-colored steps. Out of the center of the fountain rises a 70-foot canopy. The under side, of hammered copper, chromium plated, reflects the color and disseminates it, and achieves a superb beauty."

128 Belgian Village

Ancient Belgium has been brought to A Century of Progress and reproduced in the Belgian Village. A duplicate of the historic Church of St. Nicholas in Antwerp is there and seventeenth century burghers guard the portals.

"The houses and buildings are exact reproductions of those seen by the tourist in Belgium today-- cafes, typical mediaeval homes, a fish market, an old church and a town hall. The village is inhabited by craftsmen in the costumes of hundreds of years ago. Ancient folk dances are a feature of the main square. Typical Belgian milk carts drawn by dogs and driven by merry milkmaids add to the picturesqueness of the village."

129 Avenue of Flags

Avenue of Flags, stretching from the main gates of A Century of Progress at Twelfth Street, to the north entrance of the Hall of Science . . . a fitting promenade leading to the wonders of this great Exposition.

130 U.S. Government and States Group—Sky Ride, East

The Federal Building and the Court of the States from the north side of the Sky Ride. The triple towers of the Government building represent the three branches of the federal government, legislative, and judicial.

"Preferring to emphasize the solidarity of our Union, A Century of Progress determined that the States should be grouped under one roof, architecturally arranged with the Federal Building to indicate its support of, and united efforts with, the central government."

131 Hall of Science—Eastern Exposure

The immensity of the Sky Ride Towers, which rise high above the great buildings of A Century of Progress is shown in this picture. High speed elevators carry visitors to the platform 625 ft. above the lake for a panoramic view of Chicago.

132 Agricultural Group

Agricultural building at A Century of Progress housing exhibits of leading food manufacturers, the livestock and meat industries, and an agricultural implement display demonstrating man's progress during the past 100 years.

133 Hall of Science—North Entrance

Beautiful, colorful, immense in its ground area. The Hall of Science at A Century of Progress, Chicago's 1933 World's Fair, probably houses the most fascinating exhibits on the grounds of the Exposition.

134 Lama Temple

This replica of the Golden Temple of Jehol is the gift of Vincent Bendix, millionaire industrialist, who commissioned Dr. Sven Hedin, noted Swedish explorer, to bring to Chicago the finest existing example of Chinese Lama architecture.

"Exact reproductions of the 28,000 pieces of which the Temple is composed were made and numbered at its original site in China. A Chinese architect was employed to interpret these marks and to direct their assembly on the exposition grounds. Chinese artists painted and decorated the finished structure."

135 Bird's-eye View—Hall of Science

Where the magic of modern science is being portrayed this year in Chicago. The Hall of Science of A Century of Progress at night has the appearance of a brilliantly illuminated metal and glass creation, rising from colored terraces.

"The northern front a graceful circular arc of high pylons extending a welcome to each approaching visitor. The rest of the building is in the shape of a U with the arms of the U extending to the water's edge and enclosing a court of three acres."

136 Travel Building

The Travel and Transport Building Some is 125 feet high and 200 feet across, without a single arch, pillar, beam or other support to break its expanse. It is said to be the largest unobstructed area to be enclosed beneath a single roof.

137 U.S. Government and States Group

The Federal Building is 620 feet long by 300 feet wide, with a rotunda 70 feet in diameter surmounted by a 75-foot dome around which the three fluted towers are grouped. The Federal Building adjoins the Hall of the States.

138 Electrical Building at Night

Embellished with hanging gardens, electric cascades, the Electrical Building at A Century of Progress, Chicago's 1933 World's Fair, is the last word in modern architectural phantasy.

"Should you gasp with amazement as, with the coming of night, millions of lights flash skyward a symphony of Illumination, reflect again that it is progress speaking with exultant voice of up-to the-second advancement. Science has achieved a brilliance and skill of electric lighting which, as exemplified in the buildings of the Fair, render windows and skylights no longer a necessity in buildings. Within the buildings are borrowings from the future in inverted lighting, shaded arrangements, color effects, and without, a fairyland of lighting effect on greater scale and in more numerous arrangements than the world has ever seen."

139 General Exhibits Building—Sky Ride, West Tower

A general view from the south balcony of the Hall of Science showing the five pavilions which form the general Exhibits group at A Century of Progress, Chicago's 1933 World's Fair. More than 100 organizations have displays here.

140 Hall of Science—South Entrance

Where the magic of modern science is portrayed this year in Chicago — the Hall of Science at A Century of Progress — A huge U-shaped structure 700 X 400 ft., enclosing a court accommodating 80,000. At one corner rises a 176 ft. carillon tower.

141 Giant Havoline Thermometer

Looking west at the huge Havoline Thermometer at 23rd St., at A Century of Progress — The Chicago 1933 World's Fair. this thermometer is 200 ft. high. Temperature at the Fair can be seen from all parts of the ground.

"A great 200-foot tower can be seen from many sections of the Fair and the numerals on its three faces can be easily read. It is a thermometer, perhaps the largest the world has ever seen. The numerals are ten feet high, and the graduated temperature columns are made of neon tubing, electrically regulated by a master thermometer. The Indian Refining Company dedicated it as a "Monument to Chicago's Climate." In a building at the base of the tower the company presents an exhibit of oil refining equipment and products."

142 Boat Landing Pylons, Electrical Building

Covered with symbolic bas reliefs of the forces of electricity, these twin pylons 100 ft. high guard the water gate to the Electrical Building of the Electrical Group in A Century of Progress — Chicago's 1933 World's Fair.

"Another entrance is on the west side from a water gateway, flanked by two huge pylons more than 100 feet high.…On these pylons also are sculptured figures, Light on the north pylon, Sound on the south one."

143 Dairy Building

Dairy Building at A Century of Progress. In this oval structure is portrayed the story of the foster mother of mankind, the cow. The evolution of dairying methods during the last one hundred years is unfolded in spectacular fashion.

Note: Some of the cards in this series have descriptions on the back, and some don't. The text used above is from the card if it is not in quotes. Text in quotes is from the Official Guidebook.

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